States of Transition
2012: Filter / Kerstin Niemann
> DA

States of Transition
States of Transition

This collection of essays on art production in Detroit, Baltimore and Hamburg was designed for Kerstin Niemann, who runs FILTER. It was printed on "reclaimed" paper found in Detroit. The interior was printed on a digital printer and the cover was made at Stukenborg Press. DA wrote the following production note, which appears on the interior back cover:

This publication was printed on paper aquired from a high-volume paper recycler in downtown Detroit. The interior pages are Cougar Antique 20 lb uncoated text stock, manufactured by Domtar, a company headquartered in Canada. This particular paper may have been manufactured at a mill in Arkansas or Kentucky. The cover is Curious Collection 100 lb Extra White cover stock, which is made by a division of the French company ArjoWiggins.

The paper was purchased as large press sheets. These were cut down over the course of two days with the help of Bryan Baker at Stukenborg Press, a letterpress shop situated in the Ponyride building in Detroit’s Corktown neighborhood. For the initial cuts of the text stock we used a large hand lever paper cutter made by Chandler & Price, a press and paper cutter manufacturer that existed in Cleveland from 1881 to 1964. The sheets were cut down further on a smaller, lever-operated Challenge Pony Cutter, a machine made by the Challenge Machinery Co. which was founded in 1887 in Grand Haven, Michigan. Both of the lever paper cutters could safely be termed “vintage”, or even “antique”, machines that date from the early part of the 20th century.

The Curious Collection cover stock, which was too big to fit in either of the Stukenborg paper cutters, was trimmed on an automated hydraulic Challenge Champion paper cutter across the hall, at the Hernandez Blueprinting Services company. The Champion cutter was first introduced in 1960. This particular machine was probably made at the Challenge factory that existed in Grand Haven until 2002, when the company moved its headquarters to Norton Shores, Michigan.

The cut sheets were delivered to Heath Press in Royal Oak, Michigan, a company that specializes in digital printing. The covers and interior pages were printed on a Xerox Nuvera 120 EA Production System, a machine that was likely manufactured at the Xerox factory in Webster, New York. It is possible that parts for this machine were supplied through a company called Flextronics, a Singaporean “global electronics manufacturing services company” that Xerox has been outsourcing to since 2001.

After the covers were printed, they were returned to Stukenborg Press, where they were overprinted on a Challenge proof press with marks made by the spacing “furniture”, pieces of material normally used in letterpress printing to pack around lines of type in order to keep them from shifting. The pieces were acquired, used, by Bryan Baker in Chickopee, Massachussetts. It’s not clear where they came from before that. The Challenge proof press may have been manufactured in the 1950s.

The final printed covers were then brought back to Heath Press, where the text and cover sheets were folded, bound and trimmed on a Duplo 500 Booklet Maker. The Duplo company was founded in Japan in 1951. Its tag line is, “From print to documents.” The Duplo 500 was probably manufactured some time within the last 10 years, possibly at one of Duplo’s three factories in Japan.

States of Transition
States of Transition
States of Transition
States of Transition